How does God make a covenant with His people? It’s through blood.
And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.”
At the beginning of this book, we’re purposely looking first at a few Old Testament verses. We want to lay the foundation and understand the significance of the blood, especially as a substitutionary atonement. Today, we’ll also see that the blood stands in relation to God making a covenant with His people.
The Old Testament sacrifices were part of the Old Covenant, which was inaugurated by blood: “Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood. For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, ‘This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you’” (Heb. 9:18-20).
Hebrews highlights a correlation between the inauguration of the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Both were inaugurated by death and the application of blood. In today’s verse we see that “Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, ‘Behold the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.’”
In the New Testament we see the same realities, foreshadowed in the Old Testament: “But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel” (Heb. 12:22-24).
The inauguration of the Old Covenant foreshadowed the inauguration of the New Covenant—Jesus’ death on the cross and the shedding of His blood. Furthermore, the Old Covenant was meant to highlight and drive us the New Covenant. The Law (the Old Covenant) shows us our sins, deserving God’s wrath. The gospel (the New Covenant) shows us God’s forgiveness and His infinite favor. Jesus obtained that when He inaugurated God’s New Covenant with His blood.
Therefore, “in speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete” (Heb. 8:13). Next time we’ll start looking at numerous New Testament verses of what Jesus inaugurated and obtained with His blood.
The Devotional Writer
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